Chronic Conditions

Hypertension



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Health Promotion Board


  1. What is Blood Pressure?
Blood Pressure is the force of blood against the wall of the arteries. Systolic pressure is the pressure as the heart beats. Diastolic pressure is the pressure while the heart is at rest. Blood Pressure is written systolic over diastolic. For example, 110/75, 110 is the systolic pressure and 75 is the diastolic pressure
  2. What is High Blood Pressure?
High Blood Pressure is diagnosed as a measure of at least 130/85 mm Hg on three separate occasions.
  3. What can result from High Blood Pressure?

 One may feel perfectly well with high blood pressure without any symptoms, and look healthy despite having a raised blood pressure for many years. High blood pressure continues to make the blood vessels harder and narrower until there is a complete blockage of blood flow in the blood vessels. If not treated and poorly controlled, high blood pressure will lead to serious complications such as:

  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure
  • Stroke Kidney failure
  • Blindness
  4. Why is it important to take high blood pressure medications regularly?
One should not stop taking high blood pressure medications, unless with a doctor’s consent, as it can cause a sudden, life-threatening increase in your blood pressure. The medication only works when taken regularly as prescribed. Also, you should continue making changes for a healthier lifestyle while on medication.
  5. Do I need to measure my blood pressure at home?
You can check your blood pressure regularly at home with an electronic automatic blood pressure machine. The machines are battery- operated and are easy to use. The readings on the machine can provide useful information for your doctor and also for your own tracking of your daily blood pressure. Ask a pharmacist to recommend a machine that is best suited to your needs and learn how to take your blood pressure at home.