Aside from treating the underlying specific causes, your doctor may also advise you to:
• Eat less protein, salt and potassium
• Control your blood pressure
• Take diuretics (water pills) to treat puffiness and swelling
In general, the goal of treatment is to protect your kidneys from further damage.
b) Chronic kidney disease
Depending on the underlying cause, some types of chronic kidney failure can be treated. Often, though, chronic kidney failure has no cure. Treatment consists of measures to help control signs and symptoms of chronic kidney failure, reduce complications, and slow the progress of the disease:
• High blood pressure medications. Control of blood pressure is important to preserve kidney function and protect it from further deterioration.
• Medications to lower cholesterol levels. Your doctor may recommend medications to lower your blood cholesterol level. People with chronic kidney failure often experience high levels of bad cholesterol, which can increase the risk of heart disease.
• A lower protein diet to minimize waste products in the blood. As the body processes protein from foods, it creates waste products that the kidneys must filter from the blood. To reduce the amount of work your kidneys must do, your doctor may recommend eating less protein. Your doctor may also ask you to meet with a dietician who can suggest ways to lower your protein intake while still eating a healthy diet.
The main goal of treatment is to protect your kidneys from going into end-stage kidney failure. If your kidneys cannot keep up with waste and fluid clearance on their own and complete or near-complete kidney failure is developed, life-long dialysis or kidney transplant may be required.